Man Smoking a Pipe, Peru, 1780s


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Image Reference
Trujillo_E43

Source
Martinez Companon y Bujanda, Trujillo de Peru (Madrid: Ediciones Cultura Hispanica, 1978-1994; facsimile reproduction of manuscripts in the Biblioteca del Palacio Real de Madrid), vol. 2, plate E43

Comments
Drawing simply identified as "Negro," shows a black man smoking a long stemmed pipe, holding what appears to be a long handled spade, wearing a conical cap, and tattered pantaloons and a chemise or shirt; he may have a storage pouch hanging over his chest. This and hundreds of other drawings were done by unidentifed Indians during the 1780s and were commissioned by the Spanish Bishop Baltazar Jaime Martinez Companon during his pastoral visit to the region of Trujillo in northern Peru. The drawings, spread over nine volumes, are of Spaniards, Indians, plants and animals, as well plans and maps of the region. Only Vol. 2 contains a few pictures of blacks, the index to the volume giving very sparse information on each drawing. (See other images Trujillo on this website.)