Dance Steps and Movements, Trinidad, 1836


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This record was last updated on 01 May 2012

Image Reference
BRID2

Source
Richard Bridgens, West India Scenery...from sketches taken during a voyage to, and residence of seven years in ... Trinidad (London, 1836), plate 22.

Comments
Caption, "Negro Figuranti," shows men and women in various dance positions; "all their movements in dancing are marked by great activity" (Bridgens). Woman on bottom row (2nd from right), holds a "shakshak" or rattle. A sculptor, designer and architect, Richard Bridgens was born in England in 1785, but in 1825 he moved to Trinidad where his wife had inherited a sugar plantation. Although he occasionally returned to England, he ultimately lived in Trinidad for seven years and died in Port of Spain in 1846. Bridgens’ book contains 27 plates, thirteen of which are shown on this website; the plates were based on drawings made from life and were done between 1825, when Bridgens arrived in Trinidad, and 1836, when his book was published. Although his work is undated on the title page, a copy held by the Beinecke Rare Book Room at Yale University has a front cover with a publication date of 1836, the date usually assigned to this work by major libraries whose copies lack a title page. Bridgens’ racist perspectives on enslaved Africans and his defense of slavery are discussed in T. Barringer, G. Forrester, and B. Martinez-Ruiz, Art and Emancipation in Jamaica: Isaac Mendes Belisario and his Worlds (Yale University Press, 2007), pp. 460-461, which also gives the publication date of the Bridgens volume (p. 333, note 2); for details on Bridgens’ life, see Brian Austen, Richard Hicks Bridgens (Oxford Art Online/Grove Art Online). Thanks to Sarah Thomas for her help with this entry.