Punishment of Slaves, Brazil, 1830s


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Image Reference
NW0296

Source
Johann Moritz Rugendas, Voyage Pittoresque dans le Bresil. Traduit de l'Allemand (Paris, 1835; also published in same year in German). Reprinted in Viagem Pitoresca Através do Brasil (Rio de Janeiro, 1972; images shown on this website), and in color from original water colors, in Viagem Pitoresca Através do Brasil (Editora Itatiaia Limitada, Editora da Universidade de Sao Paulo, 1989) [NOTE: both 1835 French and German original editions were published in black/white].

Comments
Caption, "chatimens domestiques" (domestic [household]punishments); a seated white man hitting palms of female with a stick; another woman being brought forward. The same illustration was later published in the Illustrated London News (March 29, 1845; vol. 6, p. 197), with the caption "Domestic Punishments of Slaves, on a Brazilian Sugar Farm." For an analysis of Rugendas' drawings, as these were informed by his anti-slavery views, see Robert W. Slenes, African Abrahams, Lucretias and Men of Sorrows: Allegory and Allusion in the Brazilian Anti-slavery Lithographs (1827-1835) of Johann Moritz Rugendas (Slavery & Abolition, vol. 23 [2002], pp. 147-168).