Maria, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, ca. 1742

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Detail of oil painting (courtesy of Jon Sensbach), held by the Moravian Archives (Unity Archives [Archiv der Bruder-Unitat]), Herrnhut, Germany. Titled by the artist “Maria, “die Mohrin von Sanct Thomas” (Maria, the Mooress from St. Thomas), shows Maria, a baptized slave in the Moravian congregation. She became a “national helper,” or assistant preacher, charged with supervising the Christian education of a small number of slaves; she died in Germany 1749. For details, see Jon Sensbach, A Separate Canaan (Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1998), pp. 39-40.