Capuchin Missionary being Greeted by Village Head, Sogno, Kingdom of Kongo, 1740s


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Image Reference
sogno155

Source
Paola Collo and Silvia Benso (eds.), Sogno: Bamba, Pemba, Ovando e altre contrade dei regni di Congo, Angola e adjacenti (Milan: published privately by Franco Maria Ricci, 1986), p. 155.

Comments
Missionary has arrived in a litter with his entourage; the chief or village head ("sova" or "mani") in regalia greets him with his retainers and warriors carrying their musical instruments and weapons. Caption notes that the permission of the "sova" was required to establish a mission in his village. This source in Italian is a modern printing of a 1747 manuscript (located in the Biblioteca Civica of Turin) which describes Capuchin expeditions to the Kingdom of Kongo. The watercolor paintings record moments in the daily lives of missionaries Bernardino Ignazio and Gaspare da Bassano, who were resident in Sogno from 1743-1747. Sogno (Sonyo in English) was a province of the kingdom. The illustrations and accompanying manuscript were done by Ignazio. (Thanks to James Sweet for assistance in interpreting the source.)