Clothing Style, Peule Man, Senegal, 1850s


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Image Reference
Boilat09

Source
P. David Boilat, Esquisses Sengelaises (Paris, 1853), plate 17 (Special Collections, University of Virginia Library)

Comments
This Peule man is shown in his everyday dress. He is wearing a small blue cap, decorated with a plume of horsehair; his hair style includes a pomade of curdled milk/rennet ("lait caille") or white cheese. Around his neck are amulets (gris-gris) serving various protective functions, and crossed over his chest are other gris-gris to ward off bullets; he is also wearing a "grigri" on his right arm, while ornamental copper bracelets are worn on his left arm and right ankle. Slung from his waist is "coufa," a horn which contains powder, bullets, and smoking tobacco. A Peule, the author notes, never travels without his spear (pp. 25-26). Boilat made his drawings from life; his 24 plates are explained in an accompanying text. For biographical details on Boilat, see image reference Boilat01.