Securing Enslaved Captives, Congo, 1880s


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Image Reference
Graphic732

Source
The Graphic: An Illustrated Weekly Newspaper (London), vol. 40 (1889), p. 732

Comments
From a series of illustrations, titled “Scenes on the Congo,” the 3 shown here (numbers 6, 7, 8) are captioned “different methods of securing slaves.” They show the wooden devices used to prevent captives from escaping. A similar device to the one shown in the center was used to attach captives to one another on the coffles (see miscellaneous images of coffles). The original illustrations may have been done by the British explorer H. H. Johnston (see image reference Graphic340).