Sugar Works, French West Indies, 1667


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Image Reference
NW0061

Source
Jean Baptiste DuTertre, Histoire Générale des Antilles Habitées par les Francois (Paris, 1667), vol. 2, p. 122. (Copy in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University)

Comments
Although labeled, "Sucrerie" (sugar works), this image shows more than activities associated with sugar making. The numbers on the image are identified in the legend underneath. Central to the scene is the sugar works, including the ox-drawn mill with vertical rollers (1), the furnace and boilers in which the sugar juice (coming down the gutter from the mill) is boiled (2), and the "formes," that is, the conical sugar pots, usually earthenware, in which the raw sugar was placed for for draining. Enslaved laborers are depicted carrying canes to the mill and feeding it in the rollers. Also shown are various trees (6 [the coconut], 7, 11), plants (5 [sugar cane],8, 9), where vinegar is made (4), the huts of the enslaved (10).