Plantation Mill Yard and Sugar Mill, Brazil, 1830s


Click on the image to open a larger version in a new window.
previous image return to thumbnails next image

If you are interested in using this image, please consult Acknowledging the Website.

Image Reference
NW0295

Source
Johann Moritz Rugendas, Voyage Pittoresque dans le Bresil. Traduit de l'Allemand (Paris, 1835; also published in same year in German). Reprinted in Viagem Pitoresca Através do Brasil (Rio de Janeiro, 1972; images shown on this website), and in color from original water colors, in Viagem Pitoresca Através do Brasil (Editora Itatiaia Limitada, Editora da Universidade de Sao Paulo, 1989) [NOTE: both 1835 French and German original editions were published in black/white].

Comments
A mill yard and water-powered mill with vertical rollers; cart with canes to be crushed; the plantation manager (?) and his wife (?) are on the veranda; next to the woman are "sugar cones". The same illustration, captioned "Brazilian Sugar Mill," was later published in the Illustrated London News (March 29, 1845; vol. 6, p. 197), with a brief account of slave labor on Brazilian sugar plantations. For an analysis of Rugendas' drawings, as these were informed by his anti-slavery views, see Robert W. Slenes, African Abrahams, Lucretias and Men of Sorrows: Allegory and Allusion in the Brazilian Anti-slavery Lithographs (1827-1835) of Johann Moritz Rugendas (Slavery & Abolition, vol. 23 [2002], pp. 147-168). (Thanks to Lyle Browning for his help with the mill identification.)