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Daniel P. Kidder, Brazil and the Brazilians, portrayed in historical and descriptive sketches (Philadelphia, 1857), p. 167. (Copy in Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library)
Shows female hawker, "The Quitandeira," carrying a tray on her head with her infant tied to her back. "The quitandeiras are the venders of vegetables, oranges, guavas, . . mangoes… sugar-cane, toys, etc. They shout out their stock in a lusty voice . . . . The same nasal tones and high key may be noticed in all. Children are charmed when their favorite old black tramps down the street with toys or doces." The same illustration appears in later editions of this work, e.g., 1866 (6th ed.), 1879 (9th ed.).