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Johann Baptist von Spix and C. F. Phil. von Martius, Travels in Brazil, in the years 1817-1820 (London, 1824), vol. 2, facing p. 287. (Copy in Library Company of Philadelphia)
Caption, "Rancho, near the Serra do Caraca." Shows miscellaenous activities, e.g., cooking over open fire, children playing, woman hawker with basket of goods on her head. The author describes this plate on p. x: "A rendezvous for travellers in Minas, at which a caravan carrying cotton, has just stopped. Some negro slaves bring wood and water and prepare the dinner, others drive the mules to pasture, arrange the baggage, or assist the Arieiro to shoe the mules. The young negro slave of the owners, who is riding up, is fixing the hammock for him. In the neighboring building the Vendeior is selling provisions." The same image appears in the Atlas of the original German edition: Johann Baptist von Spix, Reise in Brasilien (Munchen, 1831), plate 8.