Sugar Plantation Mill Yard, Antigua, West Indies, 1823

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This record was last updated on 09 Mar 2011

Image Reference

William Clark, Ten Views In the Island of Antigua, in Which are Represented the Process of Sugar Making.... From Drawings Made by William Clark, During a Residence of Three Years in the West Indies (London,1823). Image shown here is from the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University. Also published in Ladies' Society for Promoting the Early Education of Negro Children (London, ca. 1833).

Original caption, "A Mill Yard, on Gamble's Estate." Shows a windmill with its sails into the wind; canes being brought in ox carts, slaves "heading" cane loads into the mill rollers and stacking cane stalks. A black driver is shown at the base of the windmill, and the white owner/manager is overseeing the scene. Little is known of William Clark although he was probably a manager or overseer of plantations in Antigua. The ten prints in the collection (only 9 of which are shown on this website) are based on his drawings, converted into prints by professional printmakers. All of the prints are shown and extensively described in T. Barringer, G. Forrester, and B. Martinez-Ruiz, Art and Emancipation in Jamaica: Isaac Mendes Belisario and his Worlds (New Haven : Yale Center for British Art in association with Yale University Press, 2007), pp. 318-321; the descriptions in this publication are based on “Clark’s unpaginated text” and quotations from that text.