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This record was last updated on 18 Aug 2010
An artist's rendition of the "Massacre," showing black Union soldiers and civilians being killed by white Confederate soldiers. A chromolithograph published in 1892 by Kurtz & Allison, Chicago.(Courtesy, Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University Library.) On April 12, 1864, Confederate troops attacked Fort Pillow, Tennessee, then occupied by Union troops, many of them black. After capturing the fort, the Confederates “proceeded to kill all the black troops within; some were burned or buried alive. A Federal congressional investigating committee subsequently verified that more than 300 blacks, including women and children, had been slain after the fort surrendered. After the incident, black soldiers going into battle used the cry “Remember Fort Pillow!” (Source: "Fort Pillow Massacre" Encyclopædia Britannica Online, August 2007 ).